Cough is a disease that can affect anyone regardless of age. Although it seems trivial, Dianiati Kusumo Sutoyo Sp.P from the Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, University of Indonesia said that cough and its derivatives still occupy the top 10 morbidity and mortality in Indonesia.
Let's pay attention to what a cough is, the causes of coughing and things about this common complaint so as not to be misunderstood. Understand what coughs are and are not, as well as the types, causes of coughs, how to relieve coughs and the following herbal remedies for effective coughs.
What is Cough?
Coughing is a natural body reaction that occurs reflexively so that the respiratory tract can work normally without irritants/foreign substances and prevent infection.
The cause of coughing is irritants that often interfere with the respiratory tract, including smoke, mucus, and allergens such as pollen, mold or dust. Some medical conditions or drugs also have the potential to interfere with the performance of the respiratory area and cause a person to cough.
What Causes Cough?
The cause of coughing is generally closely related to irritants in the respiratory tract. All irritants, both external and internal, will start the mechanism of coughing, which stimulates nerves which then send messages to the brain. Brain function will then instruct the chest and abdominal muscles to push air out of the lungs in an effort to expel or clear irritants.
Is cough always dangerous? Not really. An occasional cough is normal and healthy. Unless the cause of the cough causes prolonged complaints or is followed by symptoms such as blood or spotting, then coughing can be the beginning of a medical condition that requires special attention.
Sometimes, the cough is very strong and this has the potential to interfere with the condition of the lungs which eventually worsens the cough itself. Coughing that is too strong can also be exhausting, causing drowsiness, dizziness, fainting, headaches, bladder problems, vomiting and muscle/bone injury.
Apart from annoying irritants, some common causes of prolonged or acute cough include:
The number of causes of cough will determine the types of cough experienced, as well as the intensity to the right way to relieve cough. Generally, the doctor will be able to do the right treatment by relieving the cough and the cause of the cough.
Some of the common types of coughs include:
Immediately find out the cause of cough according to its type, symptoms and duration so that a diagnosis for healing can be obtained accurately.
Dry Cough: Causes, Symptoms and Duration
A dry cough is a type of cough that does not produce phlegm or mucus. A dry cough often feels itchy in the throat and occurs because there is an irritant in that area.
The causes of a dry cough are quite varied and can be a symptom of other diseases that may occur, one of which is Covid-19. According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, the cause of a dry cough can also be allergies, asthma, bronchitis, or the common cold.
Symptoms of dry cough are often characterized by conditions that do not produce phlegm. The sound of a dry cough is consistent, hoarse and comes from the tip of the throat. You will feel the same cough condition or stagnant because the respiratory pathways have not changed. The duration of a dry cough is quite variable, depending on the cause of the cough and other factors.
Also called a non-productive cough, a dry cough that doesn't go away can be categorized as acute or chronic. According to the American Lung Association, a cough that lasts for more than 8 weeks is considered a chronic cough and should consult a doctor to find ways to relieve the cough.
Cough with phlegm: causes, symptoms and duration
To understand and find ways to relieve cough with phlegm, it must first be known that the human body produces mucus every day. The presence of phlegm does not mean there is a health problem, but rather a sign that the lungs and respiratory conditions are healthy and protected from infection or other causes of coughing.
However, if the production of phlegm is too much, especially around the lungs, it will be the cause of coughing. In addition, some other causes of cough with phlegm can be from:
Due to the different causes of coughing up phlegm, the symptoms of coughing up phlegm will also vary, including chest pain, stuffy nose, sore throat, muscle pain, headache, fever and so on.
A harmless cough with phlegm usually clears up in less than 3 weeks and doesn't require serious treatment. If it is very bothersome, it is advisable to consult a doctor to find out the cause of the cough and how to relieve coughing up phlegm.
Paroxysmal Cough: Causes, Symptoms and Duration
A paroxysmal cough is a persistent cough that severely interferes with normal activities, including breathing. Generally the cause of paroxysmal cough is the bacterium Bordetella pertussis which attacks the respiratory tract. This infection is also contagious.
The causes of paroxysmal cough can be caused by conditions of asthma, bronchitis, GERD (gastric acid reflux), trauma wounds, exposure to smoke, lung infections, and tuberculosis.
Paroxysmal cough can be categorized as advanced whooping cough that lasts about 2 weeks after infection. This type of cough can last from 1-6 weeks before it finally subsides. Not infrequently, the intense intensity of paroxysmal cough can result in vomiting, pale face and blue lips due to lack of oxygen.
If these symptoms are felt and the cause of the cough is not getting the right way to relieve cough, then immediately see a doctor.
Croup Cough: Causes, Symptoms and Duration
The cause of croup cough is a viral infection of the respiratory tract that causes irritation and swelling around the voice box (larynx), trachea and bronchi. A croup cough is prone to attack young children, but it is generally not serious and how to relieve a croup cough may not require a doctor's treatment.
Symptoms of croup cough are characterized by a loud cough that almost sounds like a barking or whistling sound. The cause of croup cough is related to swelling of the airways. Children who have croup cough will tend to be fussy, restless, have a fever and have a severe cough, especially at night.
The duration of croup cough in children is usually 3-5 days. If the condition of the croup cough does not change, immediately consult your doctor to find ways to relieve the cough.
Whooping Cough: Causes, Symptoms and Duration
Also called pertussis or 100-day cough, the cause of whooping cough is a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract and lungs. Whooping cough is contagious and quite dangerous, especially if it occurs in infants and children.
Symptoms of whooping cough initially resemble a common cold, including a runny nose, fever and a mild cough. After 5-10 days of infection, the symptoms of whooping cough will get worse and are marked by a persistent cough. Coughing sounds tend to be preceded by a long, shrill breath.
The bacteria that cause whooping cough can stay in the sufferer long enough. The duration of whooping cough can be categorized into 3 stages, namely:
Coughing Blood: Causes, Symptoms and How Long It Lasts
Not all coughs followed by phlegm or bloody discharge are signs of a serious health problem. Coughing up phlegm or hemoptysis is more often a problem if the cause of the cough is related to old age and smoking.
The color of the blood can also be a determinant of the condition of the cough experienced, where a bright red color is generally a sign of a lung infection and black blood color means there are serious digestive problems.
Causes of coughing up blood include prolonged coughing, infection in the chest, or bronchitis. The cause of coughing up blood can also occur when you have a nosebleed and swallow some blood which when coughing will look like coughing up blood.
Several factors can determine whether coughing up blood is dangerous or not. Immediately check the condition of coughing up blood if:
Chronic Cough: Causes, Symptoms and Duration
Chronic cough is a cough that has lasted more than 2 months in adults or 1 month in children. Types of chronic cough can be cough with phlegm or dry. Causes of chronic cough vary from asthma, allergies, GERD to bronchitis. In adults, the main causes of chronic cough are often associated with smoking and tuberculosis. While in children, most often caused by asthma
Although rare, a chronic cough can be a sign of a serious health problem, one of which is lung disease. If the chronic cough is accompanied by symptoms of fever, coughing up blood, chest pain, difficulty breathing, loss of appetite, fatigue, drastic weight loss and unable to carry out normal activities, immediately consult your doctor for the cause of the cough.
Cough of Covid-19 Patients: Causes, Symptoms and Duration
A dry cough is one of the most common symptoms found in Covid-19 cases. As is known, the cause of cough from the Covid-19 pandemic is caused by the coronavirus, which until now has not found a treatment.
If the symptoms of a dry cough are followed by fever, fatigue, and shortness of breath, then you should check with your doctor for further advice – especially if you have had exposure to or a history of close contact with a Covid-19 sufferer in the last 14 days.
Coughs in Covid-19 cases vary from intensity to duration. This is due to the different viral reactions in each patient, ranging from very mild and asymptomatic to requiring medical attention in a hospital.
Next, let's explore the following explanation of the dangers of coughing according to the age of the sufferer.
Is Cough Dangerous?
As previously explained, coughing is a normal natural reaction to clear the respiratory tract from irritants or foreign substances. So, coughing is not always a sign of danger if it still occurs within normal limits. If the cause of the cough is due to a viral or bacterial infection, then the usual treatment is enough to overcome it.
Then what if the cough is dangerous in nature? Pay attention to the characteristics of a dangerous cough which means you need to get a diagnosis from a doctor, namely:
Dangers of Cough by Age
Dangers of Cough in Babies
Coughing in babies often makes the little one more fussy, uncomfortable and has difficulty resting. Several diseases can be the cause of cough in babies, which can vary from a mild baby cough or a dangerous baby cough.
Whatever the cause of a baby's cough, pay attention to the characteristics of a cough that is dangerous in infants in the sense that they must get medical attention:
Dangers of Cough in Children
Although the frequent causes of cough in children are harmless and can be cured with regular treatment, it is better for parents to pay attention to the dangers of coughing in children who have the following symptoms:
Dangers of Cough in the Elderly
Cough in the elderly is very influential on the quality of life in old age, especially due to a decrease in the body's immune system for those over 65 years of age.
Some of the causes of cough in the elderly can be attributed to common infections, or chronic cough problems originating from smoking, asthma, GERD and/or rhinitis. In dealing with coughs in the elderly, including flu and cold symptoms, it is advisable to get treatment from a health expert.
By getting the right diagnosis from a doctor for cough in the elderly, you can determine the cause of the cough and also the seriousness of the cough, whether it's just a common complaint or there are health problems that need further treatment.
In addition to finding the cause of a cough and how to relieve a cough, proper diagnosis can also help avoid a decline in health conditions over time due to the cough.
Dangers of Cough in Pregnant Women
According to research by Stanford University School of Medicine, pregnant women are more susceptible to coughing because the body's immune system undergoes changes and tends to weaken. This is why germs or viruses are often the cause of coughing in pregnant women.
Although cough in pregnant women is mild and just a normal cold cough, you should still consult the cause of the cough with the pregnancy doctor. In addition, immediately consult a doctor if you experience the following cough symptoms during pregnancy:
The obstetrician will examine the symptoms, the cause of the cough and ensure that there is no respiratory infection. Doctors will also be able to recommend prescription drugs that are safe for pregnant women to consume without side effects on the womb.
Then what about the effects of cough shocks during pregnancy? Although when coughing, the pregnant woman's stomach moves up and down, the fetus's physical condition generally will not be disturbed. If you feel very uncomfortable when you cough or your stomach muscles tense up, support your lower abdomen with your hands to minimize the shock effect of coughing during pregnancy.
When to go to the doctor?
Not all types of cough should be examined by a doctor to determine the cause of cough and how to relieve cough. However, you should still be aware of cough disorders, especially if they are accompanied by the specific symptoms of each that have been described previously.
In principle, if the cough does not gradually recover per week, then it is time to visit a general practitioner or a cough specialist to find the cause of the cough. A cough that interferes with daily activities and has the following symptoms should also be checked immediately:
How to relieve cough can be helped by the following herbal remedies for cough and prevention:
Traditional Ways: Plants For How To Relieve Cough
Some of the traditional ways to relieve cough can be used to treat the causes of cough naturally. There are herbal ingredients for coughs that are rich in the following traditional concoctions as a way to relieve coughs, namely:
A study shows the bioactive components in ginger that can be a way to relieve coughs because of the relaxing effect of the lining of the respiratory tract. As one of the herbal ingredients for coughs, ginger has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties that can help fight infections and pain in the throat that causes coughs.
The use of mint leaves for coughs is related to how to relieve coughing in the throat and the properties of decongestants or phlegm thinners. This herbal concoction for coughs can also overcome colds or asthma thanks to its high anti-inflammatory content.
Several studies show that essential oils containing thyme leaf extract are useful as herbal ingredients for natural coughs due to colds and ARI. This is thanks to the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory content contained in thyme leaves so that it is effective as a way to relieve coughs.
The content of lime is antibacterial and mucolytic acid aka phlegm laxative, which is one of the causes of coughing. As a herbal ingredient for coughs, citrus fruits contain vitamin C, beta carotene, antioxidants and folic acid which are all good as a powerful cough suppressant.
Another powerful ingredient in herbal coughs that are often encountered, cinnamon can eradicate infections, relieve symptoms and causes of coughs, and speed up the recovery process of coughs and colds. This is because cinnamon is rich in antioxidant polyphenols and proanthocyanidins.
Foods to Avoid When Coughing
To speed up healing and how to relieve a cough, there are several foods that should be avoided in order to immediately eradicate the cause of cough, including:
When heated, cooking oil will produce acrolein compounds that trigger itching in the throat. Especially if the cooking oil used is of low quality, the coughing condition will get worse. The crunchy texture can also cause coughing due to throat irritation which stimulates coughing frequency.
The meaning of diuretic is to stimulate the formation and disposal of urine so that the body's water content decreases and causes dryness, including the throat. A dry throat can be the cause of coughing and also make coughing worse.
Some fruits and vegetables are diuretics, but if consumed within normal limits, they will not have much effect on coughing conditions. One of the diuretic cough taboos that must be noted is caffeine, because it also affects the condition of stomach acid so that it is susceptible to GERD and will cause coughing.
The protein in milk can stimulate the formation of mucus in the digestive tract and cause coughing. You should reduce milk consumption, especially if you have a cough with phlegm. The amount of mucus or phlegm that forms in the respiratory tract will further stimulate the frequency of coughing.
Coughs triggered by allergies can be exacerbated by consuming foods that interfere with the immune system. Pay attention to coughing disorders that appear after consuming certain foods, because it could be the cause of coughing related to an allergic response in the form of a cough reaction.
Staying away from processed or unhealthy foods is important to help speed up the healing process and stop the cause of coughing. Nutrition plays an important role in supporting the work of the body's immune system in fighting infection, including being a way to relieve coughs.
How to Prevent Cough
Talking about diseases including coughs, prevention is certainly better than cure. How to prevent coughing can be done with various strategies so that it does not appear in the first place, including:
How to prevent a cough with phlegm or dry is closely related to the body's immune condition. Viruses and bacteria attacks are often the cause of coughs that can be prevented by increasing the body's immunity. Always consume a balanced diet rich in nutrients, exercise regularly, get enough rest and lead a healthy lifestyle to prevent coughing.
Smoking can be one of the causes of chronic cough in many people. If you have tried various ways to relieve coughs but have not stopped smoking, then immediately reduce the frequency of smoking. Quitting smoking can also reduce the risk of colds and other health complaints.
Some coughs are contagious, so preventing a cough can be as easy as avoiding a cough sufferer. Maintain personal hygiene by diligently washing hands, wearing masks and not sharing eating utensils, towels, or sleeping utensils to avoid transmission of germs that cause coughing.
Find out how to relieve cough naturally with herbal remedies for coughs of choice.
Naturkaf: Herbal Medicine for Cough
Before immediately using hard drugs that contain chemicals, it is highly recommended that cough sufferers try natural cough remedies such as herbal ingredients for coughs. In principle, how to relieve cough naturally with herbal ingredients for coughs must be safe for consumption.
Naturkaf is an herbal remedy for cough that is rich in various natural ingredients that are effective for treating the causes of cough. Combining traditional ingredients and the latest medical technology, Naturkaf is formulated to be a powerful solution for all types of coughs suitable for the whole family.
As a herbal concoction for coughs, Naturkaf works quickly and precisely on the cause of coughing. This domestic product has also passed standardized production quality tests and is certified International CPOTB, CMP, ISO 9001 & 22000. For the comfort of the family and to be free from coughing, always have Naturkaf, herbal ingredients for coughs at home at any time.
Benefits of Naturkaf
As an herbal remedy for coughs, Naturkaf has 3 main benefits that are effective in overcoming the causes of coughs, namely by:
Prioritize herbs for coughs such as Naturkaf as the first way to relieve coughs, compared to using dangerous chemical drugs.
Consisting of 8 natural ingredients and 100% alcohol free, the following composition is Naturkaf, a herbal remedy for coughs that distinguishes it from other common cough medicines:
1. Ananthoda: Overcomes respiratory disorders and works as an expectorant
2. Ginger: Works to relieve asthma and coughs
3. Mint leaves: Overcoming respiratory disorders as well as decongestant and antitussive
4. Thyme: Overcoming sore throat, expectorant, antitussive, antibacterial and antifungal.
5. Echinacea: Speeds up the recovery process due to coughs
6. Licorice: Overcoming hoarseness, sore throat, antitussive, expectorant and rich in antioxidants.
7. Lime: Overcoming sinusitis and is anti-bacteria
8. Cinnamon: Has analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial benefits.
No need to worry anymore with always available herbal ingredients for coughs. Naturkaf to maintain family health from the dangers of coughing. Get rid of coughs immediately with Naturkaf, a herbal remedy for coughs!